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According to the American Stroke Association a stroke occurs in the U.S. approximately every 40 seconds.*
*Source: American Stroke Association

Hemorrhagic Stroke Overview

A  hemorrhagic stroke occurs because of a leak or rupture of a blood vessel in the brain. There are two types of stroke, hemorrhagic and ischemic , which occurs when a blood vessel to the brain is blocked by a clot. Hemorrhagic stroke represents about 15 percent of all strokes, yet is responsible for more than 30 percent of stroke deaths.

Stroke, which is sometimes called “brain attack,” is the fifth most leading cause of death for Americans and is the leading cause of adult disability. Stroke is more common in women than in men.  Each year approximately 800,000 Americans will suffer a stroke and 130,000 will die as a result.

There are two types of hemorrhagic stroke:

  • Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH): A blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the brain, damaging cells and depriving the region of the brain beyond the rupture of blood. The cause is usually high blood pressure. ICH is the most common type of hemorrhagic stroke.
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH): An artery on or near the surface of the brain spills into the space between the brain and the skull. The typical cause of ICH is the rupture of an aneurysm, which is a weak spot in the artery.

WellStar physician’s are experts at diagnosing and treating Ischemic and Hemorrhagic stroke.

WellStar Kennestone Regional Medical Center located in Marietta offers a full service Neuroscience program for Stroke and other neurological emergencies. Kennestone is one of the few comprehensive cerebrovascular neurosurgery programs in the region, offering state-of-the-art procedures for both open and closed vascular and endovascular procedures for stroke and carotid artery disease. Kennestone is proud to offer the highest level of specialized care in order to meet the needs of our region and beyond. In addition, WellStar Kennestone offers a CARF certified in-patient Rehabilitation program on campus.

WellStar participates in clinical trials that let patients participate in the latest stroke research and take advantage of emerging drugs and treatments. As well, we are now part of the Mayo Clinic Care Network. This provides our doctors and other specialists with access to Mayo-reviewed medical information and guidelines.

Hemorrhagic Stroke Symptoms

Call 911 immediately if you believe you or someone else is having a stroke! Think of the acronym FAST to remember symptoms.

F- Facial drop or uneven smile

A- Arm/leg numbness or weakness, loss or coordination or balance

S- Slurred speech, difficulty speaking or understanding simple commands

T- Time to call 911 and get to the hospital immediately; note the time so you'll know when the first symptoms appeared

In addition to the F.A.S.T. symptoms (facial droop, arm/leg weakness/loss of coordination or balance, slurred speech and difficulty speaking or understanding simple commands), other signs of a stroke include:

  • Partial or total loss of consciousness
  • Vomiting or severe nausea when combined with other symptoms
  • Sudden severe headache with no known cause
  • Dizziness
  • Paralysis on one side of the body or face (if you try to raise both arms over your head and one begins to fall, it may indicate a stroke)
  • Vision problems/intolerance to light
  • Stiff neck
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes

Not all symptoms will be apparent with every stroke. If any of these symptoms appear, get immediate medical help – call 911

Risk Factors

Some risk factors for stroke are the same for men and women:

  • High blood pressure, which is responsible for about 60 percent of all cases of ICH
  • Family history of stroke
  • Atrial fibrillation (irregular heartbeat) and taking blood thinners
  • Heart disease
  • Heart attack
  • High cholesterol
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Being overweight
  • Physical inactivity
  • Race. African-Americans have a higher risk of death from stroke than Caucasians
  • Age. The risk of stroke approximately doubles each decade after age 55
  • Excessive use of alcohol and drugs
  • Blood clotting disorders such as hemophilia or sickle cell anemia