Your urinary systemis made up of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The key elements inthe system are the kidneys. Your kidneys are a pair of fist-sized organslocated below the ribs toward the middle of the back. The kidneys remove extraliquid and waste from your blood in the form of urine.
Narrow tubes calledureters carry urine from your kidneys to your bladder (sack-like organ in thelower abdomen). Urine is stored in your bladder and empties through a narrowcanal called the urethra.
When parts of theurinary system are not functioning as they should, symptoms can vary or you maynot have any early symptoms. Symptoms can be mild, moderate or severe.
Some typical signsand symptoms of urologic conditions such as urinary/kidney obstruction, bladdercancer, kidney cancer or prostate cancer may include:1
- Blood in your urine or semen
- A lump in your abdomen
- Unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite
- Pain in your side or lower back
- Changes in urination (inability, frequency, pain, less output, incontinence)
- Feeling the need to urinate without results
- Sensation that the bladder is not completely empty after urinating
- Trouble starting or holding back urination
- Aweak or interrupted flow
- American Cancer Society www.cancer.org . URL: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/kidneycancer/detailedguide/kidney-cancer-adult-diagnosis
All surgery presents risk, including da Vinci Surgery. Results, including cosmetic results, may vary. Serious complications may occur in any surgery, up to and including death. Examples of serious and life-threatening complications, which may require hospitalization, include injury to tissues or organs; bleeding; infection, and internal scarring that can cause long-lasting dysfunction or pain. Temporary pain or nerve injury has been linked to the inverted position often used during abdominal and pelvic surgery. Patients should understand that risks of surgery include potential for human error and potential for equipment failure. Risk specific to minimally invasive surgery may include: a longer operative time; the need to convert the procedure to an open approach; or the need for additional or larger incision sites. Converting the procedure to open could mean a longer operative time, long time under anesthesia, and could lead to increased complications. Research suggests that there may be an increased risk of incision-site hernia with single-incision surgery. Patients who bleed easily, have abnormal blood clotting, are pregnant or morbidly obese are typically not candidates for minimally invasive surgery, including da Vinci Surgery. Other surgical approaches are available. Patients should review the risks associated with all surgical approaches. They should talk to their doctors about their surgical experience and to decide if da Vinci is right for them. For more complete information on surgical risks, safety and indications for use, please refer to http://www.davincisurgery.com/da-vinci-surgery/safety-information.php.
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PN 1002341 Rev A 04/2013