Obesity is a disease caused by excess body fat. Obesity can contribute to serious health problems and even death. Some of the conditions caused by obesity include: diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, sleep apnea, arthritis and certain cancers.
Although obesity can be linked to social and psychological factors, at its most basic level, obesity is an energy imbalance. People gain excess weight when they take in more energy (calories) from eating and drinking than the calories they burn through physical activity. Excess calories are stored as fat.
More than 1.4 billion adults worldwide are considered overweight and 200-300 million are obese.1 The obesity rate has nearly doubled since 1980.1
Body mass index
Body mass index (BMI), a ratio of weight to height, is one way to measure obesity. People who have a BMI of 30 or greater are considered obese, but may improve their health through weight loss.1 This is especially true for people with a BMI of 40 or greater who are considered extremely or morbidly obese. To determine BMI you can use a simple BMI table or calculator.
- World Health Organization (WHO). Obesity and overweight. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/index.html
All surgery presents risk, including da Vinci Surgery. Results, including cosmetic results, may vary. Serious complications may occur in any surgery, up to and including death. Examples of serious and life-threatening complications, which may require hospitalization, include injury to tissues or organs; bleeding; infection, and internal scarring that can cause long-lasting dysfunction or pain. Temporary pain or nerve injury has been linked to the inverted position often used during abdominal and pelvic surgery. Patients should understand that risks of surgery include potential for human error and potential for equipment failure. Risk specific to minimally invasive surgery may include: a longer operative time; the need to convert the procedure to an open approach; or the need for additional or larger incision sites. Converting the procedure to open could mean a longer operative time, long time under anesthesia, and could lead to increased complications. Research suggests that there may be an increased risk of incision-site hernia with single-incision surgery. Patients who bleed easily, have abnormal blood clotting, are pregnant or morbidly obese are typically not candidates for minimally invasive surgery, including da Vinci Surgery. Other surgical approaches are available. Patients should review the risks associated with all surgical approaches. They should talk to their doctors about their surgical experience and to decide if da Vinci is right for them. For more complete information on surgical risks, safety and indications for use, please refer to http://www.davincisurgery.com/da-vinci-surgery/safety-information.php.
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PN 1002280 Rev A 04/2013