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General Surgery Conditions

Your gastrointestinal (GI) tract refers to the organs that takes in the food that you eat, digests it for energy and nutrients, and helps to expel the remaining waste. The GI tract is about 20 feet long and consists of the upper and lower GI tracts. The upper GI tract includes your mouth, pharynx, esophagus, and stomach. The pharynx is located behind the mouth and leads to the esophagus. The lower GI tract consists of your small and large intestines (colon), and end of the rectum (anus).

  • Obesity
  • Achalasia (swallowing disorder)
  • Gallbladder Disease
  • Hernia

Any of these conditions can cause pain, as well as other symptoms that affect your daily life.


Obesity is a term used to describe body weight that is much greater than what is considered healthy. If you are obese, you have a much higher amount of body fat than is healthy or desirable. Anyone who is more than 100 pounds overweight or who has a BMI (Body Mass Index) greater than 40 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese.


Achalasia is a disorder of the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach (esophagus), which affects the ability of the esophagus to move food toward the stomach. A muscular ring at the point where the esophagus and stomach come together (lower esophageal sphincter) normally relaxes during swallowing. In people with achalasia, this muscle ring does not relax properly. The reason for this is damage to the nerves of the esophagus.

Gallbladder Disease & Stones

Gallbladder disease includes inflammation, infection, stones, or blockage of the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver. It stores and concentrates bile produced in the liver. Bile aids in the digestion of fat, and is released from the gallbladder into the upper small intestine in response to food (especially fats).

PN 1002273 Rev A 04/2013

Important Safety Information

Serious complications may occur in any surgery, including da Vinci® Surgery, up to and including death. Individual surgical results may vary. Patients should talk to their doctor to decide if da Vinci Surgery is right for them. Patients and doctors should review all available information on non-surgical and surgical options in order to make an informed decision. Please also refer to for Important Safety Information.

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If you have questions about the da Vinci® Surgical System or about surgical procedures conducted with the da Vinci Surgical System, consult a surgeon that has experience with the da Vinci Surgical System. A list of surgeons that have experience with the da Vinci Surgical System can be found in the Surgeon Locator.

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