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General Surgery Conditions

Your gastrointestinal (GI) tract refers to the organs that takes in the food that you eat, digests it for energy and nutrients, and helps to expel the remaining waste. The GI tract is about 20 feet long and consists of the upper and lower GI tracts. The upper GI tract includes your mouth, pharynx, esophagus, and stomach. The pharynx is located behind the mouth and leads to the esophagus. The lower GI tract consists of your small and large intestines (colon), and end of the rectum (anus).

  • Obesity
  • Achalasia (swallowing disorder)
  • Gallbladder Disease
  • Hernia

Any of these conditions can cause pain, as well as other symptoms that affect your daily life.

Obesity

Obesity is a term used to describe body weight that is much greater than what is considered healthy. If you are obese, you have a much higher amount of body fat than is healthy or desirable. Anyone who is more than 100 pounds overweight or who has a BMI (Body Mass Index) greater than 40 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese.

Achalasia

Achalasia is a disorder of the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach (esophagus), which affects the ability of the esophagus to move food toward the stomach. A muscular ring at the point where the esophagus and stomach come together (lower esophageal sphincter) normally relaxes during swallowing. In people with achalasia, this muscle ring does not relax properly. The reason for this is damage to the nerves of the esophagus.

Gallbladder Disease & Stones

Gallbladder disease includes inflammation, infection, stones, or blockage of the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a sac located under the liver. It stores and concentrates bile produced in the liver. Bile aids in the digestion of fat, and is released from the gallbladder into the upper small intestine in response to food (especially fats).

PN 1002273 Rev A 04/2013


Serious complications may occur in any surgery, including da Vinci® Surgery, up to and including death. Examples of serious or life-threatening complications, which may require prolonged and/or unexpected hospitalization and/or reoperation, include but are not limited to, one or more of the following: injury to tissues/organs, bleeding, infection and internal scarring that can cause long-lasting dysfunction/pain. Risks of surgery also include the potential for equipment failure and/or human error. Individual surgical results may vary.

Risks specific to minimally invasive surgery, including da Vinci Surgery, include but are not limited to, one or more of the following: temporary pain/nerve injury associated with positioning; temporary pain/discomfort from the use of air or gas in the procedure; a longer operation and time under anesthesia and conversion to another surgical technique. If your doctor needs to convert the surgery to another surgical technique, this could result in a longer operative time, additional time under anesthesia, additional or larger incisions and/or increased complications.

Patients who are not candidates for non-robotic minimally invasive surgery are also not candidates for da Vinci Surgery. Patients should talk to their doctor to decide if da Vinci Surgery is right for them. Patients and doctors should review all available information on non-surgical and surgical options in order to make an informed decision. For Important Safety Information, including surgical risks, indications, and considerations and contraindications for use, please also refer to www.davincisurgery.com/safety and www.intuitivesurgical.com/safety. Unless otherwise noted, all people depicted are models.

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