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Excessive Menstrual Bleeding

If your menstrual periods are so heavy that they affect your normal activities, you may have excessive menstrual bleeding. The medical term for periods that are very heavy, last longer than normal or both is menorrhagia. Symptoms may also include cramping, pelvic pain and anemia.

Excessive menstrual bleeding is a common condition that occurs for many reasons. Two of the most common causes are a hormone imbalance and uterine growths.

Hormone Imbalances

Your menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones, including estrogen and progesterone. When these hormones are out of balance, they can cause heavy periods or bleeding between periods. Causes of hormonal imbalances may include:

  • Hormone changes in teens and in women nearing menopause
  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid disease
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Strenuous exercise
  • Anorexia (eating disorder)

Types of Uterine Growths

  • Fibroids - benign (non-cancerous) growths in or near the uterus
  • Polyps - growths that attach to the inner wall of the uterus and protrude into the uterine cavity
  • Adenomyosis - endometrial tissue normally lining the uterus grows into the muscular walls of the uterus
  • Endometriosis - tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus grows outside your uterus
  • Endometrial cancer - an uncontrolled growth of cells in the uterine lining
  • Hyperplasia - an abnormal proliferation of cells (cell division or growth) that may result in enlargement (growth) of the uterus. This term is sometimes used to refer to a benign tumor or fibroid.

Anatomy of Uterine Fibroid

PN 1002176 Rev B 01/2014


da Vinci Surgery with Single-Site® Instruments is cleared for use in gallbladder removal, and for hysterectomy and ovary removal for benign conditions. Patients who are not candidates for non-robotic minimally invasive surgery are also not candidates for da Vinci Surgery, including da Vinci Surgery with Single-Site® Instruments. There may be an increased risk of incision-site hernia with single-incision surgery, including Single-Site surgery with da Vinci.

Important Safety Information

Serious complications may occur in any surgery, including da Vinci® Surgery, up to and including death. Individual surgical results may vary. Patients should talk to their doctor to decide if da Vinci Surgery is right for them. Patients and doctors should review all available information on non-surgical and surgical options in order to make an informed decision. Please also refer to  http://www.daVinciSurgery.com/Safety for Important Safety Information.

When Is Single-Site Technology Used and What Are the Risks?

da Vinci Surgery with Single-Site® Instruments is cleared for use in gallbladder removal, and for hysterectomy and ovary removal for benign conditions. Patients who are not candidates for non-robotic minimally invasive surgery are also not candidates for da Vinci Surgery, including da Vinci Surgery with Single-Site Instruments. There may be an increased risk of incision-site hernia with single-incision surgery, including Single-Site surgery with the da Vinci System.


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This website does not provide medical advice. If you think you have a medical emergency, call your doctor or 911 immediately.

The materials on this website are for general educational information only. Information you read on this website cannot replace the relationship that you have with your healthcare professional. Intuitive Surgical does not practice medicine or provide medical services or advice and the information on this website should not be considered medical advice. You should always talk to your healthcare provider for diagnosis and treatment. Health information changes quickly. Therefore, it is always best to consult with your healthcare provider.

If you have questions about the da Vinci® Surgical System or about surgical procedures conducted with the da Vinci Surgical System, consult a surgeon that has experience with the da Vinci Surgical System. A list of surgeons that have experience with the da Vinci Surgical System can be found in the Surgeon Locator.

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