Excessive Menstrual Bleeding
If your menstrual periods are so heavy that they affect your normal activities, you may have excessive menstrual bleeding. The medical term for periods that are very heavy, last longer than normal or both is menorrhagia. Symptoms may also include cramping, pelvic pain and anemia.
Excessive menstrual bleeding is a common condition that occurs for many reasons. Two of the most common causes are a hormone imbalance and uterine growths.
Your menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones, including estrogen and progesterone. When these hormones are out of balance, they can cause heavy periods or bleeding between periods. Causes of hormonal imbalances may include:
- Hormone changes in teens and in women nearing menopause
- Thyroid disease
- Strenuous exercise
- Anorexia (eating disorder)
Types of Uterine Growths
- Fibroids - benign (non-cancerous) growths in or near the uterus
- Polyps - growths that attach to the inner wall of the uterus and protrude into the uterine cavity
- Adenomyosis - endometrial tissue normally lining the uterus grows into the muscular walls of the uterus
- Endometriosis - tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus grows outside your uterus
- Endometrial cancer - an uncontrolled growth of cells in the uterine lining
- Hyperplasia - an abnormal proliferation of cells (cell division or growth) that may result in enlargement (growth) of the uterus. This term is sometimes used to refer to a benign tumor or fibroid.
PN 1002176 Rev B 01/2014
da Vinci Surgery with Single-Site® Instruments is cleared for use in gallbladder removal, and for hysterectomy and ovary removal for benign conditions. Patients who are not candidates for non-robotic minimally invasive surgery are also not candidates for da Vinci Surgery, including da Vinci Surgery with Single-Site® Instruments. There may be an increased risk of incision-site hernia with single-incision surgery, including Single-Site surgery with da Vinci.
Serious complications may occur in any surgery, including da Vinci® Surgery, up to and including death. Examples of serious or life-threatening complications, which may require prolonged and/or unexpected hospitalization and/or reoperation, include but are not limited to, one or more of the following: injury to tissues/organs, bleeding, infection and internal scarring that can cause long-lasting dysfunction/pain. Risks of surgery also include the potential for equipment failure and/or human error. Individual surgical results may vary.
Risks specific to minimally invasive surgery, including da Vinci Surgery, include but are not limited to, one or more of the following: temporary pain/nerve injury associated with positioning; temporary pain/discomfort from the use of air or gas in the procedure; a longer operation and time under anesthesia and conversion to another surgical technique. If your doctor needs to convert the surgery to another surgical technique, this could result in a longer operative time, additional time under anesthesia, additional or larger incisions and/or increased complications.
Patients who are not candidates for non-robotic minimally invasive surgery are also not candidates for da Vinci® Surgery. Patients should talk to their doctor to decide if da Vinci Surgery is right for them. Patients and doctors should review all available information on non-surgical and surgical options in order to make an informed decision. For Important Safety Information, including surgical risks, indications, and considerations and contraindications for use, please also refer to www.davincisurgery.com/safety and www.intuitivesurgical.com/safety. Unless otherwise noted, all people depicted are models.
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