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da Vinci® Partial Nephrectomy

Kidney surgery incision comparison

da Vinci® Partial Nephrectomy

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Kidney-Sparing Surgery

If your doctor recommends surgery for a kidney disease such as kidney cancer, ask about da Vinci Surgery. Depending on your disease state and tumor location, you may not have to lose your entire kidney to surgery. This surgical technique is called partial nephrectomy or kidney-sparing surgery. The goal is to remove only the diseased part of your kidney sparing the healthy, functioning kidney tissue.

Sparing kidney tissue is important because studies show that patients who have their entire kidney removed are more likely to suffer from chronic kidney disease (CKD) after surgery and need dialysis compared to patients who received a kidney-sparing partial nephrectomy.1,2

Why da Vinci Surgery?

Instead of a large incision used in open surgery, da Vinci surgeons make a few small incisions - similar to traditional laparoscopy. The da Vinci System features a magnified 3D high-definition vision system and special wristed instruments that bend and rotate far greater than the human wrist. As a result, da Vinci enables your doctor to operate with enhanced vision, precision, dexterity and control.

As a result of da Vinci technology, da Vinci Partial Nephrectomy offers the following potential benefits:

  • Precise tumor removal and kidney reconstruction3,4
  • Excellent chance of preserving the kidney, where indicated4
  • Low rate of operative complications4
  • Short hospital stay3

As a result of da Vinci technology, da Vinci Partial Nephrectomy offers the following potential benefits when compared to traditional laparoscopy:

  • Shorter operation5,6
  • Shorter warm ischemic time (shorter is better for kidney function)5,6
  • Less blood loss5
  • Shorter hospital stay6

State-of-the-art da Vinci uses the latest in surgical and robotics technologies and is beneficial for performing complex surgery. Your surgeon is 100% in control of the da Vinci System, which translates his or her hand movements into smaller, more precise movements of tiny instruments inside your body. da Vinci – taking surgery beyond the limits of the human hand.

Physicians have used the da Vinci System successfully worldwide in approximately 1.5 million various surgical procedures to date. da Vinci is changing the experience of surgery for people around the world.

Risks & Considerations Related to Partial Nephrectomy & da Vinci Surgery

Potential risks of any partial nephrectomy procedure include:

  • Urine leakage
  • Internal bleeding
  • Injury to surrounding organs

In addition to these risks, there are risks related to minimally invasive surgery, including da Vinci Partial Nephrectomy, such as hernia (bulging tissue/organ) at incision site.7


  1. Huang WC, Elkin EB, Levey AS, Jang TL, Russo P; Partial Nephrectomy Versus Radical Nephrectomy in Patients With Small Renal Tumors-Is there a Difference in Mortality and Cardiovascular Outcomes; The Journal of Urology, Vol. 181, 55-62, January 2009.
  2. Guide for Management of Clinical Stage 1 Renal Mass, 2009; American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. www.auanet.org, URL: http://www.auanet.org/content/media/renalmass09.pdf?CFID=3292545&CFTOKEN=94898243&jsessionid=843026c2999c59bc411027365115951a1118
  3. Rogers CG, Menon M, Weise ES. Robotic partial nephrectomy: a multi-institutional analysis; J Robotic Surgery (2008)2:141-143 DOI 10.1007/s11701-008-0098-2.
  4. Bhayani SB, Das N. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for suspected renal cell carcinoma. BMC Surgery 2008;8:16.
  5. Pierorazio PM, Patel HD, Feng T, Yohannan J, Hyams ES, Allaf ME. Robotic-assisted versus traditional laparoscopic partial nephrectomy: comparison of outcomes and evaluation of learning curve. Urology. 2011 Oct;78(4):813-9. Epub 2011 Jul 29.
  6. Wang AJ, Bhayani SB.Robotic partial nephrectomy versus laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma: single-surgeon analysis of >100 consecutive procedures. Urology. 2009 Feb;73(2):306-10. Epub 2008 Nov 26.
  7. Khalifeh, A., Autorino, R., Hillyer, S.P., Laydner, H., Eyraud, R., Panumatrassamee, K., Long, J.A., Kaouk, J.H., Comparative Outcomes and Assessment of “Trifecta” in 500 Robotic and Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomies: A Single Surgeon experience, The Journal of Urology® (2012), doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.10.021.

PN 1002472 Rev A 04/2013

Important Safety Information

Serious complications may occur in any surgery, including da Vinci® Surgery, up to and including death. Individual surgical results may vary. Patients should talk to their doctor to decide if da Vinci Surgery is right for them. Patients and doctors should review all available information on non-surgical and surgical options in order to make an informed decision. Please also refer to  http://www.daVinciSurgery.com/Safety for Important Safety Information.

When Is Single-Site Technology Used and What Are the Risks?

da Vinci Surgery with Single-Site® Instruments is cleared for use in gallbladder removal, and for hysterectomy and ovary removal for benign conditions. Patients who are not candidates for non-robotic minimally invasive surgery are also not candidates for da Vinci Surgery, including da Vinci Surgery with Single-Site Instruments. There may be an increased risk of incision-site hernia with single-incision surgery, including Single-Site surgery with the da Vinci System.


Website Disclaimer for intutivesurgical.com and davincisurgery.com

This website does not provide medical advice. If you think you have a medical emergency, call your doctor or 911 immediately.

The materials on this website are for general educational information only. Information you read on this website cannot replace the relationship that you have with your healthcare professional. Intuitive Surgical does not practice medicine or provide medical services or advice and the information on this website should not be considered medical advice. You should always talk to your healthcare provider for diagnosis and treatment. Health information changes quickly. Therefore, it is always best to consult with your healthcare provider.

If you have questions about the da Vinci® Surgical System or about surgical procedures conducted with the da Vinci Surgical System, consult a surgeon that has experience with the da Vinci Surgical System. A list of surgeons that have experience with the da Vinci Surgical System can be found in the Surgeon Locator.

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