Treatment of sarcoidosis depends on the affected regions as well as the severity of the condition. In mild cases of sarcoidosis, patients may get better on their own without treatment. In other situations where organ function may be compromised, medications may be required. In extreme cases, surgery or organ transplants may become necessary.
Taking Care of Sarcoidosis with Medication
Medicinal therapy typically takes a few years to complete. Corticosteroids, such as prednisone, generally serve as the first-line of treatment for sarcoidosis and is usually administered orally, but sometimes through an IV, an inhaler, or topical as a cream.
Anti-rejection drugs such as methotrexate (Trexall®) and azathioprine (Imuran®) are used to reduce inflammation by suppressing your immune systems. Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil®) may be used for skin disease and sarcoidosis affecting your nervous system. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors are most commonly used with sarcoidosis associated with rheumatoid arthritis.
Taking Care of Sarcoidosis with Surgery
In rare cases, your WellStar physician may recommend more invasive treatments and surgery, including organ transplant if sarcoidosis has severely damaged your lungs or liver.